Chances de engravidar: será que estou grávida?

Após uma relação desprotegida, uma das maiores dúvidas e angústias que cercam a mulher é a a pergunta clássica: será que estou grávida? Mas quais são as chances reais de engravidar após uma relação sem proteção? Nós te explicamos.

Será que estou grávida?

Se após ter uma relação sem proteção alguma você começar a sentir alguns sintomas como os descritos a seguir, tanto isoladamente quanto em conjunto, é imprescindível que você procure seu médico, pois há chances de ter ocorrido a fecundação e de uma gestação estar em andamento.

Se a relação aconteceu no seu período fértil, as chances crescem bastante. O período fértil é a época que a mulher ovula, ou seja, é nesta fase do ciclo menstrual que um dos ovários libera o óvulo. Isso acontece cerca de 14 dias antes da menstruação, e nesse período as chances de engravidar aumentam em até 30%.

Um dos principais sintomas da gravidez é o atraso menstrual. O atraso ou ausência de menstruação pode significar outras situações ou desequilíbrios no organismo, que podem variar de stress a disfunções hormonais. Porém, deve ser considerado como possível sintoma se há a possibilidade de gravidez, como no caso das relações sem proteção.

Quais são as chances de eu estar grávida?

Outros sintomas também podem indicar uma gestação em andamento. Seios inchados e sensíveis ao toque (pois o corpo já começa a se preparar para amamentar o futuro bebê), enjoos (principalmente se forem constantes e ocorrerem no período da manhã), sonolência excessiva e aumento na frequência de idas ao banheiro para urinar estão entre os principais sintomas que podem indicar a gravidez. Na dúvida, procure seu médico.

Como descobrir se estou grávida

Normalmente, ao desconfiar que há uma gravidez em andamento, as mulheres preferem tirar a dúvida inicial recorrendo aos testes de farmácia. Apesar de não serem 100% confiáveis, muitas vezes eles podem indicar se de fato a mulher está ou não está grávida. Porém é importante lembrar que esses exames podem fornecer resultados falso-positivos (em que o teste diz que você está grávida quando na verdade não existe a gestação) ou falso-negativos (em que o teste descarta a possibilidade de gravidez quando na verdade existe sim uma gravidez em andamento).

O ideal, caso você desconfie que está grávida, é procurar o seu ginecologista. Ele solicitará um exame chamado BetaHCg, que detecta os níveis do hormônio HCg no sangue, chamado também de "hormônio da gravidez". Esse exame dirá com total precisão se existe ou não uma gravidez em andamento.

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