Explicações sobre o período fértil

Percebemos que existem muitas mulheres com dúvidas a respeito de seu período fértil e seu ciclo menstrual. Existem as mulheres que apresentam um ciclo menstrual irregular, outras têm o um período bastante regular, de 28 em 28 dias – e só nesses casos que o período fértil ocorre 14 dias após ter o período.

Entendendo como funciona o seu período fértil, você saberá qual o melhor dia para engravidar.

Período fértil para engravidar

"Qual é o período fértil para engravidar?" Primeiro, é necessário entender como funciona o seu ciclo menstrual. O primeiro dia da menstruação é conhecido como o primeiro dia do ciclo, e o último dia antes da menstruação seguinte é o último dia do ciclo.

Na fase folicular, que se inicia em média no quinto dia após o início da menstruação, o revestimento do útero fica mais espesso. Os folículos no ovário começam a se desenvolver sob a influência de hormônios e depois de vários dias um ou dois desses folículos passam a ser dominantes, e os demais folículos morrem. O folículo dominante libera um ovo, e então inicia-se o período de ovulação. Se o ovo não for fertilizado em até 1 dia após a ovulação, ele morre e é absorvido pelo corpo da mulher.

Qual o melhor dia para engravidar?

Após a ovulação, durante a fase lútea, sob a influência da progesterona o endométrio (revestimento do útero) muda para se preparar para uma possível implantação do embrião. Se a implantação não ocorrer dentro de aproximadamente duas semanas, o corpo lúteo morrerá causando queda brusca nos níveis de progesterona e estrogênio (fase isquêmica ou pré-menstrual). Essa queda nos níveis hormonais faz com que o útero elimine seu revestimento em um processo chamado menstruação.

Mas como saber se estou no período fértil? Qual é o dia bom para engravidar? O período fértil ocorre aproximadamente no meio do ciclo, 14 dias antes de menstruar. Nesse período, o ovário libera o óvulo e esse óvulo vive entre 24 e 48 horas, momento que é chamado de dia fértil

O corpo dá sinais que demonstram que você está no período fértil. O muco fica mais espesso, transparente e com aspecto de clara de ovo. O desejo pelo parceiro aumenta. A temperatura corporal sofre leve elevação, ficando entre 0,5ºC e 1ºC mais alta. O apetite pode ficar um pouco maior. Algumas mulheres sentem dores no baixo ventre ou na região do ovário.

É importante conhecer o seu período fértil e como funciona seu corpo. Isso ajudará você a observar caso algo diferente ocorra no seu organismo, além de facilitar as coisas no momento em que for tentar usar a tabelinha para engravidar.

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